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Emergency Services post-9/11 are all under the direction of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) with several Federal and State agencies doing the foot work. Statewide and local EAS network structure won’t change with CAP. In fact, it will make the LP-1 stations more responsible than ever for dissemination of tests and alerts.
Even if it were possible, applying for formal membership in the EAS network would put the Part 15 station under the jurisdiction of the FCC and State Emergency Management. Federal law and the current rules for a declaration of an emergency puts membership in EAS outside the legal parameters of Part 15 operationally (hobby radio). In other words, the feds can’t make an unlicensed radio entity do the required weekly or monthly tests, keep records of the tests or demand that Part 15 stations be required to send an alert. There is no legal authority to do such a thing.
Under a Presidential Declaration, as an example, Part 15 radio stations would be REQUIRED to go off the air. Many licensed stations are now required to do the same.
My emergency communications training, over the years since 2001, indicates DHS does NOT want everybody included in the system regardless of whether they have a heartfelt wish to participate. To be a part of the system post-declaration requires training and registration with the government. I would recommend a visit to the office of the local emergency manager in your area to learn the specifics, if you are interested. Each county EM agency is required to have an emergency plan. Find out where they need help and fill the need. Don’t be disappointed when they tell you your 100 milliwatt power house is not part of the plan.
If you happen to live in the middle of “no-where” and there are no radio stations, TV stations, cable TV, WiFi, internet, telephone, Amateur Radio, CB, Public-Address System or tin cans and string, then your Part 15 stations may qualify for membership in the EAS network. Then, be ready to fill out a lot of paper work and go back to school. Been there, done that. I have been a part of the local EM communications network with licensed broadcasting and amateur radio (ARES-RACES). Good luck.